June  2022
通傳會「法規影響評估」的運作 與限制
Limitations on Regulatory Impact Assessments of the National Communications Commission
作者(中) 曾國峰
作者(英) Kuo-Feng Tseng
關鍵詞(中) 立法品質、法規影響評估、官僚組織、通傳會、專業、獨立自主
關鍵詞(英) bureaucracy, independence, NCC, professionalism, quality of legislation, regulatory impact assessment (RIA)
中文摘要 通傳會治理傳播與通訊市場,所制定的法案對於民眾、產業與社會均造成各種面向的衝擊,但過去甚少有研究檢視其立法機制是否合理,制定的規範有無達成政策目標。雖然法規影響評估(RIA)已經普遍應用在OECD國家,國發會也要求中央部會納入法規制定作業程序,但研究發現,通傳會與行政部會類似,仍會受到外部行政立法機關介入與利益團體遊說,而內部政務官與事務官權力不對等的從屬科層,以及缺乏量化數據與質性資料對產業與內容的分析能量,都不利於執行完整的法規影響評估。
英文摘要 The National Communications Commission (NCC) regulates telecommunications and media services in Taiwan, and most of its laws and policies affect citizens, industries, and society. Few studies have explored the functionality of the legislative process and whether the laws serve their purpose, although several ministries have applied regulatory impact assessment (RIA) to the legislative process. This study discovered lobbies outside organizations, such as political parties and interest groups, reduce staff members’ professionalism and independence. In addition, bureaucratic culture and a lack of professionalism prevent RIA from being conducted in a timely manner. Therefore, the NCC should reorganize its staff, redistribute resources, and engage in dialogue with political appointees and ordinary civil servants to effectively regulate telecommunications and the media and produce high-quality laws and policies.
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