December  2020
從二元本體論到行動本體論: 媒介化的行動者網絡理論轉向與實作
From Ontological Dualism to Ontology in Practice: An Actor-Network Turn of Mediatization
作者(中) 陳品丞
作者(英) Pin-Cheng Chen
關鍵詞(中) 二元論、中介、行動者網絡理論、同婚公投、媒介化
關鍵詞(英) dualism, mediation, actor-network theory, same sex marriage referendum, mediatization
中文摘要 媒介化(mediatization)做為一個描繪媒介與整體社會文化之「共變」關係的理論,卻因為受到背後「媒介╱非媒介」的先驗二元本體論限制,總是難以擺脫決定論或效果論的陰影。為此,本研究引入行動者網絡理論(actor network theory, ANT)的觀點,以行動本體論取代媒介化的二元本體論,並提出一個「以媒介為關懷」(media-concerned)的新媒介化ANT取徑。同時本研究也以2018年臺灣同性婚姻公投的爭議為案例,實際展示此新取徑如何能幫助我們見得媒介之化。
英文摘要 Mediatization, as a theory that depicts the “-interrelated changes-” between media and the overall social and cultural domains, is always restricted to the ontological dualism framework. Accordingly, separating mediatization from the shadow of determinism or “media effects” is challenging. This study introduces actor-network theory to reinterpret mediatization theory and also proposes a new “media-concerned” approach. This new approach regards mediatization as the interrelated changes in a controversy during the assembling process of all the human and non-human actors, especially media. The approach is media decentralized but media concerned to avoid determinism or reductionism. To illustrate how this new approach applies empirically, I use the controversy over the 2018 Taiwanese referendum for marriage equality is as an illustrative case. I also consider the advantages and disadvantages of this new approach and provides directions for further theoretical and methodological discussion.
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