December  2017
台灣青少年網路霸凌現況、 原因與影響
Understanding Cyberbullying among Taiwanese Youth: Prevalence, Causes, and Impacts
作者(中) 施琮仁
作者(英) Tsung-Jen Shih
關鍵詞(中) 父母角色、生活滿意度、青少年、網路素養、網路霸凌
關鍵詞(英) parental role, life satisfaction, youth, internet literacy, cyberbullying
中文摘要 本研究使用一份台灣青少年(N = 1,745)的調查資料,發現年齡、求學階段和成為網路霸凌加害者有正面關係;而在校成績愈好,愈不會成為霸凌者。此外,玩數位電動玩具愈頻繁者,愈容易在網路上霸凌他人。結果也指出曾在學校霸凌他人或被霸凌的學生,較可能在網路上被霸凌,顯示兩種霸凌型態之相關性。而無論霸凌或被霸凌都會降低青少年的生活滿意度,但若父母對子女上網行為採取協商式的介入,將可避免霸凌對生活滿意度產生的負面影響。
英文摘要 This study used a random sample of youth in Taiwan to determine the prevalence of cyberbullying and the contributing factors. The results indicated that age, years in school, and time spent playing online video games were positively correlated with cyberbullying. Students with higher academic performance were less likely than others to become cyberbullies. Moreover, the results revealed a strong association between cyberbullying and on-campus bullying. Students who bullied others or were bullied in school also tended to be victims of cyberbullying. Both bullies and victims had lower levels of life satisfaction than students without such experiences. Parents are recommended to talk to their children more directly about Internet usage to mitigate the negative effects of cyberbullying on life satisfaction.
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